National Sexual Rights Law and Policy Database

Bosnia and Herzegovina

List of countries

Select a topic:

Adult sex work edit topic

Evaluation code: Partial criminalization

Which approach is taken?edit question

Partial criminalization.

Although the provisions in the FBiH, Republika Srpska and District Brčko criminal codes are slightly different, all three criminalize activities surrounding sex work but not the selling or buying of sex.

FBiH

Criminal Code, Article 210, Pandering: (1) Whoever, for gain, induces, incites or lures another in offering sexual services or in another way enables turning another over to a third person for offering sexual services, or in any way takes part in organizing or managing of sexual services offering, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and five years. (2) Whoever, for gain, by use of force or by threat to use force or to inflict greater harm, coerces another or by deceit induces another into offering sexual services, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and ten years. (3) The punishment referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall be imposed on whoever, for gain, in the manner referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article, by abusing a difficult situation of a person residing in a foreign country, coerces or induces that person into offering sexual services. (4) Whoever perpetrates the criminal offence referred to in paragraphs 1 and 3 of this Article against a child or juvenile, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between three and fifteen years. (5) The fact whether the person who is induced, incited, lured or coerced has already been engaged in prostitution is of no relevance to the perpetration of criminal offence under this Article.

Republika Srpska

Criminal Code, Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Prostitution, Article 198: (1) Whoever, in order to get financial benefit, entices, incites or lures another into prostitution or whoever, in any way, enables turning a person over to another for the exercise of prostitution or whoever, in any way, takes part in organizing or managing prostitution, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between six months and five years. (2) Whoever, in order to get financial benefit, forces another into prostitution by employing force or threatening to use the force or by inflicting serious harm or deceiving another into prostitution, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and five years. (3) The punishment referred to in Paragraph 2 of this Article shall be also applied to anyone who, in order to achieve financial benefit, has forced or incited a person into prostitution in the manner described in Paragraph 2 of this Article by using the difficult situation the person has been in as a foreigner in the country, or who professionally engages another person to do so. (4) Whoever commits the criminal offence referred to in Paragraphs 1 and 3 of this Article against a child or a minor, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and twelve years. (5) The history of prostitution of the person who has been enticed, incited, lured or forced into prostitution shall not have any bearing on the criminal offence referred to in this Article.

District Brčko

Criminal Code, Enticing Prostitution, Article 207: (1) A person who entices, induces or persuades another person to engage in prostitution or in some other way facilitates the prostitution of that person for the benefit of another person, or in any other way organizes or manages prostitution, in order to acquire material gain, shall be sentenced from six months to five years of prison. (2) A person who, by use of force or threat to use force or inflict large-scale damage, forces or deceives and induces another person to engage in prostitution in order to acquire material gain, shall be sentenced from one to ten years of prison. 60 (3) The punishment from paragraph 2 of this Article shall be imposed on a person who forces or induces another person to engage in prostitution, in the manner referred to in paragraph 2, taking advantage of her/his difficult situation while residing in a foreign country, in order to acquire material gain. (4) A person who commits criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 through 3 of this Article against a child or a minor, shall be sentenced from three to fifteen years of prison. (5) The fact of whether a person induced, enticed, persuaded or forced to engage in prostitution was previously.

If partial/total criminalization or an other punitive regulation, which acts are criminalized? How severe is the punishment?edit question

FBiH

‘Pandering’ is criminalized in FBiH, which is defined in Article 210 of the criminal code cited above. The offense includes luring or inciting people into selling sexual services and/or managing or organizing such services in any manner. The punishment ranges from one to five years in prison.

Republika Srpska

To establish an offence pursuant to Article 198 of the criminal code in Republika Srpska requires proof that the offender entices, incites or lures someone into prostitution for financial benefit. The punishment ranges from 6 months to five years in prison.

District Brčko

The acts that are criminalized in District Brčko relate to enticing or persuading someone to engage in prostitution as well as organizing it for financial gain. The punishment ranges from 6 months to 5 years in prison.

If not criminalized, is there regulation?edit question

N/A

Could customary and/or religious law apply?edit question

No Customary and religious law / No information

Adultery edit topic

Evaluation code: No

Is adultery a criminal offense?edit question

No

Adultery is not included in the criminal codes of FBiH, Republika Srpska and District Brčko.

What is the burden of proof?edit question

N/A

How severe is the punishment?edit question

N/A

Could customary and/or religious law apply?edit question

No Customary and religious law / No information

Evaluation code: 14-15

What is the age of sexual consent?edit question

14-15

FBiH

A child is defined as being below the age of 14. Sexual acts with anyone under this age are illegal.

Criminal Code, Article 2(8): A child, as referred to in this Code, is a person who has not reached fourteen years of age. Criminal Code, Article 207, Sexual Intercourse with a Child: (1) Whoever performs sexual intercourse or equivalent sexual act on a child, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and eight years. (2) Whoever performs forcible sexual intercourse or equivalent sexual act on a child (Article 203, Rape, paragraph 1) or on a helpless child (Article 204, Sexual Intercourse with a Helpless Person, paragraph 1), shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than three years. (3) Whoever performs sexual intercourse or equivalent sexual act on a child by abusing his position (Article 205, Sexual Intercourse by Abuse of Position, paragraph 2), 58 shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and ten years. (4) Whoever perpetrates the criminal offence referred to in paragraphs 1 through 3 of this Article in a particularly cruel or humiliating manner or if on the same occasion a number of perpetrators perform a number of acts of sexual intercourse or equivalent sexual acts against the same victim, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than five years. (5) If, by the criminal offence referred to in paragraphs 1 through 3 of this Article, the death of a child is caused, or serious bodily injury is inflicted on a child or his health is seriously impaired, or the female child is left pregnant, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not less than five years or by long-term imprisonment.

Republika Srpska

Article 64 of the Criminal Code indirectly defines a child as being under 14. Sexual acts and intercourse with anyone below this age are criminalized.

Criminal Code, Exclusion of Criminal Sanctions Against Children Article 64: Criminal sanctions shall not be applied against a juvenile who was under 14 (a child) at the time of the commission of a criminal offence.

Criminal Code, Article 195, Sexual Abuse of a Child Article 195: (1) Whoever has had sexual intercourse or any other sex act with a child, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and eight years. (2) Whoever has had forced sexual intercourse or any other sex act with a child (Article 195) or a helpless person (Article 194), shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between three and fifteen years. (3) If the criminal offences referred to in Paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article were committed by a teacher, teacher in an institution or home, guardian, adoptive parent, physician, priest or some other person by abuse of his position against the child entrusted to him for teaching, up-bringing or care, (4) the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between five and fifteen years. (5) If the criminal offence referred to in Paragraphs 1, 2 or 3 of this Article was committed in a particularly cruel or degrading manner or if at the same occasion more instances of sexual intercourse were performed by more perpetrators or if there was a high disproportion of age of the victim and the perpetrator or if the criminal offence has resulted in grievous bodily injury or a serious impairment of health or pregnancy of the female victim, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not less than five years. (6) If the criminal offence referred to in Paragraphs 1 through 4 of this Article has resulted in the death of the child, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not less than ten years or by long term imprisonment.

District Brčko

The Criminal Code of District Brčko defines a child as someone under the age of 14. Sexual intercourse or equivalent sexual acts with people under this age are against the law.

Criminal Code, Sexual Intercourse with a Child Article 204: (1) A person who performs sexual intercourse, or a sexual act equal to it, against a child shall be sentenced to prison from one to eight years. (2) A person who performs a forced sexual intercourse, or a sexual act equal to it, against a child (Article 200 Rape, paragraph 1), or against a helpless child (Article 201 Sexual Intercourse with a Helpless Person, paragraph 1), shall be sentenced to at least three years of prison. 59 (3) A person who commits sexual intercourse, or a sexual act equal to it, against a child through abuse of office (Article 202, Sexual Intercourse through Abuse of Office, paragraph 2), shall be sentenced to prison from one to ten years. (4) A person who commits the criminal offence referred to in paragraphs 1 through 3 in an extremely brutal or humiliating manner, or if the same victim was subject to several sexual intercourses, or sexual acts equal to sexual intercourse, by several perpetrators, shall be sentenced to at least five years of prison. (5) If the criminal offences referred to in paragraphs 1 through 3 resulted in death of a child, or a child was severely injured, or his health was severely impaired, or it resulted in pregnancy of a female child, the perpetrator shall be sentenced to at least five years of prison or a long-term imprisonment.

Criminal Code, Non-application of Criminal Legislation to Children in Brcko District, Article 9: Criminal legislation in the Brcko District shall not be applied to a child who, at the time of perpetrating a criminal offence, had not reached fourteen years of age.

Are there defenses/exceptions?edit question

N/A

Could customary and/or religious law apply?edit question

No Customary and religious law / No information

Evaluation code: 14-15

What is the age of sexual consent?edit question

14-15

The age of consent is equal (14) for same-sex and different-sex acts in all three jurisdictions within Bosnia & Herzegovina. Please refer to all legal provisions in the ‘Age of sexual consent - Different sex’ section.

Are there defenses/exceptions?edit question

None

Could customary and/or religious law apply?edit question

No Customary and religious law / No information

Conscientious Objection edit topic

Evaluation code: No information

Is there a law or policy that permits health professionals to conscientiously object to the provision of any sexual and/or reproductive health service? If so, are there referrals or emergency service requirements?edit question

No information

Where is this provision found?edit question

N/A

What are the grounds for refusal to provide an sexual and reproductive health service?edit question

N/A

Could customary and/or religious law apply?edit question

No Customary and religious law / No information

Contraception edit topic

Evaluation code: Not prohibited

Are any contraceptives prohibited in the country?edit question

Not prohibited

Information regarding the contraceptives available in BiH is sparse. Given that health and health insurance schemes are devolved to local government, access to such contraceptives varies widely across the country. Local experts, however, confirmed that no contraceptives are prohibited in BiH.

Are there legal restrictions on contraceptives?edit question

None

What contraceptives are available? Are there restrictions?edit question

The Agency for Medicines and Medical Devices of Bosnia and Herzegovina approved the purchase of emergency contraception ellaOne pill without a prescription in April 2015 (Independent SRHR expert, BiH).

Modern contraceptives are available throughout the country for purchase (Independent SRHR expert, BiH).

Could customary and/or religious law apply?edit question

No Customary and religious law / No information

Crimes committed in the name of honour and passion edit topic

Evaluation code: Unclear

Does the law provide for a complete defense to or mitigation of sentences for gender-based violence offenses based on honour, passion, provocation, loss of control or other similar factors?edit question

Unclear.

Whether there is a defense to or mitigation for sentences for acts of gender-based violence is unclear for all three of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s jurisdictions.

FBiH’s Criminal Code reduces murder to manslaughter when the perpetrator commits the act in a ‘fit of passion,’ but what triggers such a fit is not illustrated within the Code. The minimum sentence for grievous bodily harm is slightly aggravated when the victim is a spouse, and the Code does recognize domestic violence as a separate offense.

Republika Srpska’s Criminal Code also recognizes domestic violence as a separate offense. Murder sentencing can be mitigated in ‘extenuating circumstances,’ but such circumstances are not articulated in the law.

In District Brčko’s Criminal Code, the minimum sentence for grievous bodily harm is slightly aggravated when the victim is a spouse. Further, murder sentences are mitigated in cases where it can be proved that the defendant committed the act in a ‘fit of rage’ (irresistible impulse); this is not defined nor illustrated in the Code.

FBiH

FBiH Criminal Code, Article 167 Manslaughter: Whoever deprives another person of a life in a fit of passion, having been provoked without his own fault into the state of intense exasperation or fright caused by attack, abuse or serious insult by a person in question, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and ten years.

FBiH Criminal Code, Article 172 Aggravated Bodily Injury: (1) Whoever inflicts a serious bodily injury upon another person or severely impairs his health, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between six months and five years. 48 (2) Whoever perpetrates the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article against his spouse, common-law partner, or to the parent of his child with whom he does not share a household, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and five years.

FBiH Criminal Code, Article 173 Slight Bodily Injury: (1) Whoever inflicts a slight bodily injury upon another person or impairs his health in a minor way, shall be shall be punished by a fine or imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year. (2) Whoever perpetrates the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article against his spouse, common-law partner, or parent of his child with whom he does not share a household, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year.

FBiH Criminal Code, Article 222 Domestic Violence: (1) Whoever by violence, insolent or arrogant behaviour violates peace, physical integrity or mental health of a member of his family, shall be punished by a fine or imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year. (2) Whoever perpetrates the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article against a member of his household, shall be punished by a fine or imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years. (3) If in the course of the perpetration of criminal offence referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article, a weapon, dangerous object or other instrument suitable to inflict grave bodily injury or impair health has been used, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between three months and three years. (4) If, by the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 through 3 of this Article, a serious bodily injury was inflicted on a family member or his health is severely impaired; or if the criminal offence referred in paragraph 1 through 3 of this Article is perpetrated against a child or juvenile, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and five years. (5) If, by the criminal offence referred to in paragraphs 1 through 4 of this Article, a death of a family member is caused, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between two and fifteen years. (6) Whoever deprives of a life a family member whom he has been previously abusing, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of no less than ten years or by long-term imprisonment.

Republika Srpska

Criminal Code, Domestic Violence Article 208: (1) Whoever by violence, insolent or arrogant behavior violates peace, life and health or mental health of a member of his family or family household, shall be punished by a fine or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years. (2) If during the commission of the criminal offence referred to in Paragraph 1 of this Article, weapons, dangerous implements or other instruments suitable to inflict grave bodily injuries or harm person’s health have been used, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between three months and three years. (3) If the commission of the criminal offence referred to in Paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article has resulted in grievous bodily injury of the family member or impaired his health or if the criminal offence referred to in Paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article has been committed against a minor , the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and five years. (4) If the commission of the criminal offence referred to in preceding Paragraphs of this Article has resulted in the death of the family member, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between two and twelve years. (5) Whoever kills a member of family or member of household whom he has abused previously, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not less than ten years. (6) For the purpose of this Chapter, family members or members of household shall be also understood to mean ex-spouses, their children and ex-spouses’ parents.

Criminal Code, Murder Article 148 (1) Whoever deprives another person of his life shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not less than five years. (2) If the criminal offence referred to in Paragraph 1 of this Article has been committed under particularly extenuating circumstances, the offender shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and eight years.

District Brčko

Criminal Code, Grievous Bodily Harm Article 169 (1) A person who inflicts grievous bodily harm upon another person or gravely impairs his health, shall be sentenced to prison from six months to five years. (2) A person who commits the criminal act referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article to his spouse, cohabiting partner, or to the parent of his child with whom he does not cohabit, shall be sentenced to prison from one to five years.

Criminal Code, Light Bodily Injuries Article 170 (1) A person who inflicts a light bodily injury to another person or impairs his health to a lesser extent, shall be fined or sentenced to prison for a term not exceeding one year. (2) A person who commits the criminal act referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article against a spouse or a cohabiting partner, or to the parent of his child with whom he does not cohabit, shall be sentenced to prison for a term not exceeding one year.

Criminal Code, Homicide Caused by Irresistible Impulse Article 164 A person who deprives another person of his life having been brought through no fault of his own into a fit of rage or fear by an attack or serious insult by the murdered person, shall be sentenced to prison from one to ten years.

Could customary and/or religious law apply?edit question

No Customary and religious law / No information

Marital rape edit topic

Evaluation code: Unclear

Is marital rape criminalized?edit question

Unclear

The criminal code provisions of FBiH, Republika Srpska and District Brčko are similar on the issue of rape; none of them specifically includes or excludes marital rape.

FBiH

Criminal Code, Article 203 Rape (1) Whoever coerces another by force or by threat of immediate attack upon his life or limb, or the life or limb of someone close to that person, to sexual intercourse or an equivalent sexual act, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and ten years. (2) Whoever perpetrates the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article in a particularly cruel or humiliating manner or if on the same occasion a number of perpetrators perform a number of acts of sexual intercourse or equivalent sexual acts against the same victim, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between three and fifteen years. (3) If, by the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, the death of the raped person is caused, or serious bodily injury is inflicted on the raped person or his health is severely impaired, or the raped female is left pregnant, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than three years. (4) The punishment referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article shall be imposed on whoever perpetrates the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article out of hatred on the grounds of national or ethnic origin, race, religion, sex or language. (5) Whoever perpetrates the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article against a juvenile, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than three years. (6) Whoever perpetrates the criminal offence referred to in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of this Article against a juvenile, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than five years. (7) If, by the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article, the consequences referred to in paragraph 3 of this Article are caused, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than five years.

Republika Srpska

Criminal Code, Article 193: (1) Whoever compels another person to sexual intercourse or any other sex act by force or threat of immediate attack upon life or body, or life or body of someone close to that person, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between one and ten years. (2) If the criminal offence referred to in Paragraph 1 of this Article was committed against a minor or in a particularly cruel or degrading manner or if at the same occasion the victim was raped by several perpetrators or if the criminal offence has resulted in grievous bodily injury or a serious impairment of health or pregnancy of the female victim, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term between three and fifteen years. (3) If the criminal offences referred to in Paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article have resulted in the death of the victim, the perpetrator shall be punished by imprisonment for a term not less than five years. (4) Whoever compels another person to sexual intercourse or any other sex act by serious threat of disclosing some information that would harm his reputation or reputation of someone close to that person or by threat of any other serious harm, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term of between six months and five years.

District Brčko

Criminal Code, Rape Article 200 (1) A person who compels another person to sexual intercourse or an act equal to sexual intercourse by use of force or by threat of direct attack on life and body of that person, or life and body of somebody close to that person, shall be sentenced to prison from one to ten years. (2) If the offence referred to in Paragraph 1 of this Article was committed in an extremely brutal or humiliating way, or if several sexual intercourses, or sexual acts equal to them, involving the same victim were committed by several persons, the perpetrator shall be sentenced to prison from three to fifteen years. (3) If the offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article resulted in death of the raped person, or grievous bodily injury, or serious impairment of health, or pregnancy of the raped person, the perpetrator shall be sentenced to at least three years of prison. (4) A person who commits the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article because of intolerance regarding ethnic or national origin, race, religion or language, shall be imposed the sentence referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article. (5) A person who commits the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article against a juvenile, shall be sentenced to at least three years of prison. (6) A person who commits the criminal offences referred to in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of this Article against a juvenile, shall be sentenced to at least five years of prison. (7) If the criminal offence referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article resulted in consequences referred to in paragraph 3 of this Article, the perpetrator shall be sentenced to at least five years of prison.

What is the burden of proof? Is it the same or different from rape outside of marriage?edit question

There is a presumption of innocence until the final verdict, according to Article 3 of BiH’s Criminal Procedure Code.

How severe is the punishment for marital rape? Is it the same or different from rape outside of marriage?edit question

There is no specific punishment for marital rape, given that it is unclear whether it is criminalized. However, in BiH, Republika Srpska and District Brčko the punishment for rape is 1 - 10 years’ imprisonment; other factors, outlined in the provisions above, may aggravate the punishment.

Could customary and/or religious law apply?edit question

No Customary and religious law / No information

Sexuality education edit topic

Evaluation code: Neither

Does the legal framework protect the right to education?edit question

Yes, the Constitution of Bosnia & Herzegovina guarantees the right to education, the implementation of which is devolved to the entities and Brcko district.

Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Article 3, Enumeration of Rights: All persons within the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina shall enjoy the human rights and fundamental freedoms referred to in paragraph 2 above; these include: ...l) the right to education...

Is there a law or policy mandating the government (or its regulatory bodies) to implement sexuality education? Is there a law or policy prohibiting the government (or its regulatory bodies) from implementing sexuality education?edit question

Neither

There is no national law that mandates the provision of comprehensive sexuality education at school through a standardized curriculum. The result is that the quality and quantity of sexuality education varies widely within the country. (Dzenan Karic/Sexual Rights Initiative, Universal Periodic Review of Bosnia & Herzegovina Joint Submission, Oct 2014)

Does the law mandate the provision of sexuality education to certain age groups? If so, which ones? Does the law prohibit the provision of sexuality education to certain age groups? If so, which ones?edit question

None

Does the law mandate the provision of education on certain topics? If so, which ones? Does the law prohibit the provision of education on certain topics? If so, which ones?edit question

No, there is no law mandating the provision of education on certain topics. There are different curricula in the various regions, entities and cantons of the country, some of which are strongly influenced by religious leaders and institutions. In Sarajevo, for example, the Catholic Church has influenced the curriculum such that the word ‘sexual’ is left out of lessons and there is no discussion of sexual diversity. However, in the same canton, the Ministry of Education, Science and Youth has introduced a new curriculum entitled Healthy Lifestyles for primary schools. (Dzenan Karic/Sexual Rights Initiative, Universal Periodic Review of Bosnia & Herzegovina Joint Submission, Oct 2014). The decision to introduce such a curriculum was prompted by a Constitutional Court arbitration in which children’s rights were deemed not to be met by the previous decision to have only one subject as an alternative to ‘religious education’ in primary schools. Some of the topics covered in the Healthy Lifestyles curriculum are: respecting diversities; physical activities and development of humanity, capabilities, knowledge and skills; non-violent communication life skills; use and abuse of psychoactive substances - adopting healthy lifestyles; sexual and reproductive health, gender positive values and attitudes. (Independent SRHR expert, BiH)

Could customary and/or religious law apply?edit question

No Customary and religious law / No information

Third party authorization for sexual and reproductive health services - general edit topic

Evaluation code: Yes

Is third party authorization in order to access any sexual and reproductive health services?edit question

Yes

See sections on parental consent to abortion services.

Evaluation code: Yes

Do young people require the consent of their parents or legal guardians in order to access any sexual and reproductive health service?edit question

Yes

- In both FBiH and Republic Sprska, parental consent is required in order to access abortion services. See the relevant section below.

- Whilst the law does not mandate parental consent for other sexual and reproductive health services, it is standard practice for providers to ask for it, especially in public institutions (Independent SRHR expert, BiH).

Could customary and/or religious law apply?edit question

No Customary and religious law / No information

Evaluation code: No consent requirement

Do young people require the consent of their parents or legal guardians in order to access oral contraceptives?edit question

No consent requirement

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: No consent requirement

Do young people require the consent of their parents or legal guardians in order to access intrauterine devices?edit question

No consent requirement

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: No consent requirement

Do young people require the consent of their parents or legal guardians in order to access hormonal implants?edit question

No consent requirement

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: No consent requirement

Do young people require the consent of their parents or legal guardians in order to access emergency contraception?edit question

No consent requirement

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: Issue determined/differs at a subnational level

Topic tags:

  • Legally restricted
  • Other

Do young people require the consent of their parents or legal guardians in order to access abortion?edit question

Issue determined/differs at a subnational level

- In FBiH, a woman under the age of 18 is required to have parental consent before accessing abortion. If she is 16 or more and earns her own living, she does not need the consent of her parents. (UN Department of Population, Abortion Policy in Bosnia & Herzegovina).

- In Republica Sprska, a woman under the age of 16 requires the consent of her parents to access abortion services. (Independent SRHR expert)

Are there exceptions?edit question

Legally restricted; and Other: Earning own living.

- A young woman aged 16 or 17 (a minor) is considered mature enough to consent to abortion if she is earning her own living (see above).

- Abortion is available upon request up to the 10th week of pregnancy. After the first 10 weeks of pregnancy, special authorization by a commission, composed of a gynaecologist/obstetrician, a general physician or a specialist in internal medicine, and a social worker or psychologist, is required. Between 10 and 20 weeks of pregnancy, abortion is permitted on a broad range of grounds; after 20 weeks, however, it is only allowed to save the life or health of the woman. Women are never held criminally liable for inducing abortion or cooperating in the procedure. (UN Department of Population, Abortion Policy in Bosnia & Herzegovina).

Evaluation code: No consent requirement

Do young people require the consent of their parents or legal guardians in order to access sterilization?edit question

No consent requirement

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: Parental consent required under 18

Do young people require the consent of their parents or legal guardians in order to access HIV testing?edit question

Parental consent required under 18

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: No consent requirement

Do young people require the consent of their parents or legal guardians in order to access sexually transmitted infections testing?edit question

No consent requirement

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: No information

Is the consent of a spouse/partner/father of the child required in order to access any sexual and reproductive health service?edit question

No information

Could customary and/or religious law apply?edit question

No Customary and religious law / No information

Evaluation code: No information

Is the consent of a spouse, intimate partner or biological father/mother of the child required to access oral contraceptives?edit question

No information

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: No information

Is the consent of a spouse, intimate partner or biological father/mother of the child required to access intrauterine devices?edit question

No information

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: No information

Is the consent of a spouse, intimate partner or biological father/mother of the child required to access hormonal implants?edit question

No information

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: No information

Is the consent of a spouse, intimate partner or biological father/mother of the child required to access emergency contraception?edit question

No information

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: No information

Topic tags:

  • Legally restricted

Is the consent of a spouse, intimate partner or biological father/mother of the child required to access abortion?edit question

No information

Are there exceptions?edit question

Legally restricted.

Abortion is available upon request up to the 10th week of pregnancy. After the first 10 weeks of pregnancy, special authorization by a commission, composed of a gynaecologist/obstetrician, a general physician or a specialist in internal medicine, and a social worker or psychologist, is required. Between 10 and 20 weeks of pregnancy, abortion is permitted on a broad range of grounds; after 20 weeks, however, it is only allowed to save the life or health of the woman. Women are never held criminally liable for inducing abortion or cooperating in the procedure. (UN Department of Population, Abortion Policy in Bosnia & Herzegovina).

Evaluation code: No information

Is the consent of a spouse, intimate partner or biological father/mother of the child required to access sterilization?edit question

No information

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: No information

Is the consent of a spouse, intimate partner or biological father/mother of the child required to access HIV testing?edit question

No information

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A

Evaluation code: No information

Is the consent of a spouse, intimate partner or biological father/mother of the child required to access sexually transmitted infections testing?edit question

No information

Are there exceptions?edit question

N/A